President of India

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President of the
Republic of India
(भारत के राष्ट्रपति)
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of India
Pratibha Devisingh Patil

since 25 July 2007
StyleMadame President
(Within India)
Her Excellence
(Outside India)
ResidenceRashtrapati Bhavan
Term lengthFive years, renewable
Inaugural holderRajendra Prasad
January 26, 1950
FormationIndian Constitution
January 26, 1950
SalaryIndian Rupee symbol.svg 1,50,000
WebsiteRashtrapati Bhavan

The President of India, (Hindi: भारत के राष्ट्रपति[1] Sanskrit) is the head of state and first citizen of India, as well as theCommander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces.

Although Article 53 of the Constitution states that the President can exercise their powers directly,[2] with few exceptions, all of the authority vested in the President is in practice exercised by the Council of Ministers, headed by the Prime Minister.

The President is elected, from a group of nominees, by the elected members of the Parliament of India (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) as well as of the state legislatures (Vidhan Sabhas), and serves for a term of five years. Historically, ruling party (majority in the Lok Sabha) nominees have been elected and run largely uncontested. Incumbents are permitted to stand for re-election. A formula is used to allocate votes so there is a balance between the population of each state and the number of votes assembly members from a state can cast, and to give an equal balance between State Assembly members and National Parliament members. If no candidate receives a majority of votes there is a system by which losing candidates are eliminated from the contest and votes for them transferred to other candidates, until one gains a majority. The Vice-Presidentis elected by a direct vote of all members (elected and nominated) of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

The president of India resides in an estate in New Delhi known as the Rashtrapati Bhavan (which roughly translates asPresident's Abode). The presidential retreat is The Retreat in Chharabra, Shimla and Rashtrapati Nilayam (President's Place) in Hyderabad.

The 12th President of India is Her Excellency Pratibha Devisingh Patil, the first woman[3] to serve in the office, who was sworn in on 25 July 2007.

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