Timeline (Chronology): Indian National Movement


1857First War of Indian Independence
1858British crown takes over the Indian Government, End of East India Company Rule
1861Birth of Rabindra Nath Tagore
1885Formation of Indian National Congress
1905Partition of Bengal announced which came in force from October 16, 1906
1906, Dec 31Muslim League founded at Decca
1908, April 30Khudiram Bose executed
1908, July 22Tilak sentenced to six years on charges of sedition
1909, May 21Minto-Morley Reforms of Indian Councils Act, 1909
1911The coronation or Delhi Durbar held at Delhi in which the Partition of Bengal is cancelled
1912Delhi becomes the new capital of India
1912, Dec 23Bomb thrown on Lord Hardinge on his state entry into Delhi
1914, Nov 1Ghadar Party formed at San Francisco
1914, June 16Bal Gangadhar Tilak released from jail
1914, Aug 4Outbreak of First World War
1914, Sept 29Komagatamaur ship reaches Budge (Calcutta Port)
1915, Jan 9Mahatma Gandhi arrives in India
1915, Feb 19Death of Gopal Krishan Gokhle
1916, April 28B.G. Tilak founds Indian Home Rule League with it headquarters at Poona
1916, Sept 25Another Home Rule League started by Annie Besant
1917, AprilMahatma Gandhi launches the Champaran campaign in Bihar to focus attention on the grievances of Indigo farmers
1917, Aug 20The Secretary of State for India, Montague, declares that the goal of the British government in India is the introduction of Responsible Government
1918Beginning of trade union movement in India
1918, AprilRowlatt (Sedition) Committee submits its reports. Rowlatt Bill introduced on Feb 16, 1919
1919, April 13Jalianwala Bagh Massacre
1919, Dec 5The House of Commons passes the Montague Chelmsford Reforms or the Government of India Act, 1919. The new reforms under this Act come into force in 1921
1920First meeting of the All Indian Trade Union Congress (under Narain Malhar Joshi)
1920, DecThe Indian National Congress (INC) adopts the Non-Cooperation Resolution
1920-22Non-Cooperation Movement, suspended on Feb 12, 1922 after the violent incidents at Chauri Chaura on Feb 5, 1922
1922, AugMoplah rebellion on the Malabar coast
1923, Jan 1Swarajist Party formed by Motilal Nehru and others
1924The Communist Party of India starts its activities at Kanpur
1925, AugKakori Train Conspiracy Case
1927, Nov 8The British Prime Minister announces the appointment of the Simon Commission to suggest future constitutional reforms in India, Simon Commission arrives in Bombay on Feb 3, 1928 and all-India hartal, Lala Lajpat Rai assaulted by Police in Lahore
1928Nehru Report recommends principles for the new Constitution of India. All Parties conference considers the Nehru Report, Aug 28-31, 1928
1928, Nov 17Death of Lala Lajpat Rai
1929Sarda Act passed prohibiting marriage of girls below 14 and boys below 18 years of age with effect from 1930
1929, March 9All-Parties Muslim Conference formulates the "Fourteen Points" under the leadership of Jinnah
1929, April 8Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt throw bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly
1929, Oct 31Lord Irwin's announcement that the goal of British policy in India was the grant of the Dominion status
1929, Dec 31The Lahore session of the INC adopts the goal of complete independence- Poorna Swaraj for India, Jawaharlal Nehru hoists the tricolour of Indian Independence on the banks of the Ravi at Lahore
1930, Jan 26First Independence Day observed
1930, Feb 14The Working Committee of the INC meets at Sabarmati and passes the Civil Disobedience resolution
1930, March 12Mahatma Gandhi launches the Civil Disobedience movement with his epic Dandi March (March 12 to April 6), First Phase of Civil Disobedience Movement: March 12, 1930 to March 5, 1931
1930, Nov 30First Round Table Conference begins in London to consider the report of the Simon Commission
1931, March 5Gandhi-Irwin pact signed, Civil Disobedience movement suspended
1931, March 23Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and Rajguru executed
1931, Sept 7Second Round Table Conference
1931, Dec 28Mahatma Gandhi returns from London after the deadlock in Second Round Table Conference. Launches Civil Disobedience Movement. Indian National Congress (INC) declared illegal
1932, Jan 4Mahatma Gandhi arrested and imprisoned without trial
1932, Aug 16British Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald announces the infamous "Communal Award"
1932, Sept 20Mahatma Gandhi begins his epic "Fast unto Death" in jail against the Communal Award and ends the fast on Sept 26 after the Poona Pact
1932, Nov 17The Third Round Table Conference begins in London (Nov 17 to Dec 24)
1933, May 9Mahatma Gandhi released from prison as he begins fast for self-purification. INC suspends Civil Disobedience Movement but authorises Satyagraha by individuals
1934Mahatma Gandhi withdraws from active politics and devotes himself to "Constructive Programmes" (1934-39)
1935, Aug 4The Government of India Act, 1935 passed
1937Elections held in India under the Act of 1935 (Feb 1937). The INC contests election and forms ministries in several provinces (July 1937)
1938, Feb 19-20Haripura session of Indian National Congress (INC). Subhash Chandra Bose elected Congress president
1939, March 10-12Tripuri session of the INC
1939, AprilSubhash Chandra Bose resigns as the president of the INC
1939, Sept 3Second World War (September 1). Great Britain declares war on Germany; the Viceroy declares that India too is at war
1939, Oct 27 - Nov 5The Congress ministries in the provinces resign in protest against the war policy of the British government
1939, Dec 22The Muslim League observes the resignation of the Congress ministries as "Deliverance Day"
1940, MarchLahore session of the Muslim League passes the Pakistan Resolution
1940, Aug 10Viceroy Linlithgow announces August Offer
1940, Aug 18-22Congress Working Committee rejects the "August Offer"
1940, Oct 17Congress launches Individual Satyagraha Movement
1941, Jan 17Subhash Chandra Bose escapes from India; arrives in Berlin (March 28)
1942, March 11Churchill announces the Cripps Mission
1942, Aug 7-8The Indian National Congress (INC) meets in Bombay; adopts "Quit India" resolution
1942, Aug 9Mahatma Gandhi and other Congress leaders arrested
1942, Aug 11Quit India movement begins; the Great August Uprising
1942, Sept 1Subhash Chandra Bose establish the Indian National Army "Azad Hind Fauz"
1943, Oct 21Subhash Chandra Bose proclaims the formation of the Provincial Government of Free India
1943, DecKarachi session of the Muslim League adopts the slogan "Divide and Quit"
1944, Jan 25Wavell calls Simla Conference in a bid to form the Executive Council of Indian political leaders
1946, Feb 18Mutiny of the Indian naval ratings in Bombay
1946, March 15British Prime Minister Attlee announces Cabinet Mission to propose new solution to the Indian deadlock; Cabinet Mission arrives in New Delhi (March 14); issues proposal (May 16)
1946, July 6Jawaharlal Nehru takes over as Congress president
1946, Aug 6Wavell invites Nehru to form an interim government; Interim Government takes office (Sept 2)
1946, Dec 9First session of Constituent Assembly of India starts. Muslim League boycotts it
1947, Feb 20British Prime Minister Attlee declares that the British government would leave India not later than June, 1948
1947, March 24Lord Mountbatten, the last British Viceroy and Governor-General of India sworn in (March 24, 1947 to June 21, 1948)
1947, June 3Mountbatten Plan for the partition of India and the announcement (June 4) that transfer of power will take place on August 15
1947, Aug 15India becomes independent.

Comments (1)

On June 1, 2011 at 8:23 AM , Dr T P Sasikumar said...

very good info.. history need be studied with graph.. line as year on an axis..